Inulin from Several Tubers Available in Indonesia and the Growth of Gut Microbiota

  • Ivan Crespo Indonesia International Institute of Life Sciences
  • Augusto Arindra Indonesia International Institute of Life Sciences
  • Jessica Tashia Lualdi Indonesia International Institute of Life Sciences
  • Phoebe Anadita Rimba Indonesia International Institute of Life Sciences
  • Agus Budiawan Naro Putra Indonesia International Institute of Life Sciences
  • Ritchie Rahardja Indonesia International Institute of Lifa-Sciences
Keywords: inulin, gembolo, dahlia, lesser yam, yam bean

Abstract

Indonesia has many types of tubers, some of them are gembolo tuber (Dioscorea bulbifera), lesser yam (Dioscorea esculenta), yam bean (Pachyrhizus erosus), and dahlia tuber (Dahlia pinnata); which are the sources of prebiotics. The term of prebiotics has been used since 1995 to describe the non-digestible components in food that positively alter gut microbiota activity and exhibit beneficial properties to the human body. One of the prebiotics that can be found in tubers is inulin. This review was aimed to compare inulin content in the above-mentioned tubers and their roles towards the growth of gut microbiota. Library searches using Semantic Scholar database was done. Findings showed that gembolo tuber contains the highest inulin content, followed by lesser yam, dahlia tuber, and yam bean. Moreover, inulin increases the population of Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, and Bacteroides while inhibits the growth of Escherichia coli and reduce the growth of Clostridium.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abed, S. M., Ali, A. H., Noman, A., Niazi, S., Ammar, A.-F., & Bakry, A. M. (2016). Inulin as Prebiotics and Its Applications in Food Industry and Human Health; A Review. International Journal of Agriculture Innovations and Research, 5(1), 88–97.
Agustin, N. D., Saragih, B., Prabowo, S. (2019). Pengaruh Lama Blansit terhadap Karakteristik Fisiokimia dan Sensoris Tepung Kentang Udara (Dioscorea bulbifera L.). Journal of Tropical AgriFood, 1(1), 29-35. p-ISSN: 2685-3590
Althubiani, A. S., Al-Ghamdi, S. B., Samreen, Qais, F. A., Khan, M. S., Ahmad, I., & Malak, H. A. (2019). Plant-derived Prebiotics and Its Health Benefits. New Look to Phytomedicine, 63–88.
Darilmaz, D. O., Sonmez, S., & Beyatli, Y. (2018). The Effect of Inulin as a Prebiotic Supplement and the Synbiotic Interactions of Probiotics to Improve Oxalate Degrading Activity. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 54(1), 121-131. doi: 10.1111/ijfs.13912
Herawati, E. R. N., Miftakhussolikhah, M., Nurhayati, R., Sari, K.W. & Pranoto, Y. (2019). Oligosaccharides Profile and Prebiotic Potential of Gembolo Tuber (Dioscorea bulbifera). IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 251, 1-7. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/251/1/012048
Ioana, M., Szekely-Varga, Z., & Cantor, M. (2017). Dahlia An Unforgettable Flower - A New Perspective for Therapeutic Medicine. Journal of Hop and Medicinal Plants, 1-2, 56-68. ISSN 2360-0187
Kay, D.E. (1987). Crop and Product Digest Root Crops (2nd edition). London: Tropical Development and Research Institute, 15, 380. doi: 10.4236/ojbm.2019.72059
Khasanah, Y., Nurhayati, R., Miftakhussholihah, Btari, S., & Ratnaningrum, E. (2019). Isolation Oligosaccharides from Gembili (Dioscorea esculenta Lour. Burkill) as Prebiotics. International Conference Food Science and Engineering, 633, 1-6. doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/633/1/012006
Kumalasari, I. D., Nishi, K., Harmayani, E., Raharjo, S., & Sugahara, T. (2014). Immunomodulatory activity of Bengkoang (Pachyrhizus erosus) fiber extract in vitro and in vivo. Cytotechnology, 66(1), 75-85. doi: 10.1007/s10616-013-9539-5
Kusmiyati, N., Wahyuningsih, T. D. & Widodo. (2018). Prebiotic Effect of Inulin Extract from Dahlia Tuber (Dahlia pinnata L.) on The Growth Performance of Intestinal-origin Lactobacillus casei AP. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 17, 405-410. doi: 10.3923/pjn.2018.405.410
Lestari, L. A., Soesatyo, M. H. N. E., Iravati, S. & Harmayani, E. (2013). Characterization of Bestak Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas) Variety from Indonesian Origin as Prebiotic. International Food Research Journal, 20(5), 2241-2245.
Lim, T. K. (2016). Dioscorea esculenta. Journal of Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants, 253–260. doi: 10.1007/978-94-017-7276-1
Mensink, M. A., Frijlink, H. W., Maarschalk, K. V. D. V., & Hinrichs, W. L. (2015). Inulin, A Flexible Oligosaccharide I: Review of Its Physicochemical Characteristics. Carbohydrate Polymers, 130, 405–419. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2015.05.026
Miremadi, F., & Shah, N.P. (2012). Applications of Inulin and Probiotics in Health and Nutrition. International Food Research Journal, 19(4), 1337-1350.
Nesmawati. (2016). Prebiotik Inulin Tepung Umbi Bunga Dahlia (Dahlia variaillis) sebagai Feed Additive terhadap Konsumsi Protein, Daya Cerna dan Retensi Nitrogen Broiler. Skripsi.
Nusifera, S., Karuniawan, A. (2009). Respons Tanaman Bengkuang Budidaya (Pachyrrhizus erosus L. Urban) terhadap Pemangkasan Repoduktif untuk Karakter Hasil dan Kualitas Ubi. Jurnal Bionatura, 11(1), 1-11.
Prasetia, A., & Setiadi, B. (2018). The Diversity And Classification of Intraspecies of Gembolo (Dioscorea Bulbifera L.) based on Morphological Character. E3S Web of Conferences, 73, 1-6. doi: 10.1051/e3sconf/20187304022
Pratiwi, T., Affandi, D. R., Manuhara, G. J. (2016). The Applications of Lesser Yam Flour (Dioscorea esculenta) as Wheat Flour Substitution in Tuna Fish (Euthynnus affinis) Nugget Filler. Jurnal Teknologi Hasil Pertanian, 9(1), 34-50.
Purwadi, D. (2018). Design of Local Agricultural Product based Prebiotic Industry in Indonesia. KnE Life Sciences, 284-287. doi: 10.18502/kls.v4i2.1683
Raman, V., Galal, A.M., Avula, B., Sagi, S., Smillie, T.J., & Khan, I.A. (2014). Application of Anatomy and HPTLC in Characterizing Species of Dioscorea (Dioscoreaceae). Journal of Natural Medicines. 68(4): 686–698. doi: 10.1007/s11418-014-0849-5
Reddy, P. P. (2015). Yam Bean, Pachyrhizus erosus. Plant Protection in Tropical Root and Tuber Crops, 267–279. doi: 10.1007/978-81-322-2389-4
Schaafsma, G., & Slavin, J. L. (2015). Significance of Inulin Fructans in the Human Diet. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, 14, 37-47. doi: 10.1111/1541-4337.12119
Shoaib, M., Shehzad, A., Omar M., Rakha, A., Raza, H., Sharif, H. R., Shakeel, A., Ansari A., & Niazi S.. (2016). Inulin: Properties, Health Benefits and Food Applications. Carbohydrate Polymers, 147, 444-454. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.04.020
United States Department of Agriculture. (2019). Dahlia pinnata Cav. - Pinnate Dahlia. Accessed 18 December 2019. Retrieved from https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=DAPI3
Van der Meulen, R., Makras, L., Verbrugghe, K., Adriany, T., & De Vuyst, L. (2006). In Vitro Kinetic Analysis of Oligofructose Consumption by Bacteroides and Bifidobacterium spp. Indicates Different Degradation Mechanisms. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 72(2), 1006–1012. doi: 10.1128/AEM.72.2.1006-1012.2006
Widyawati, A. T. (2017). Prospek Budidaya Uwi sebagai Pangan Fungsional Mendukung Diversifikasi Pangan. Prosiding Seminar Nasional ke-1, 132-141. ISBN 987-602-51095-0-8
Wimala, M., Retnaningtyas, Y., & Wulandari, L. (2015). Penetapan Kadar Inulin dalam Ekstrak Air Umbi Bengkuang (Pachyrhizus erosus L.) dari Gresik Jawa Timur dengan Metode KLT Densitometri. Jurnal Pustaka Kesehatan, 3(1), 61-65. ISSN: 2355-178X
Winarti, S., Harmayani, E., Marsono, Y., & Pranoto, Y. (2013). Effect of Inulin Isolated from Lesser Yam (Dioscoreaesculenta) on the Growth of Probiotics Bacteria and SCFA Formation During Fermentation. International Research Journal of Microbiology (IRJM), 4(2), 53-63. ISSN: 2141-5463
Zubaidah, E., & Akhadiana, W. (2013). Comparative Study of Inulin Extracts from Dahlia, Yam, and Gembili Tubers as Prebiotic. Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences, 4(11), 8–12. doi: 10.4236/fns.2013/411A002
Published
2020-03-31